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Friday, September 30, 2011

Every Child Ready to Read

Saw this parent guide to early literacy for talkers : Two- and Three-Years-Olds at the library. Wanted to jot down here to remind myself on how to help MSLS to be ready to read.

According to research, there are six pre-reading skills that children must learn in order to learn to read.

What can I do to help:
(1) Vocabulary
  • Talk with your child about what is going on around you. Talk about feelings - your and your child's.
  • When your child talks with you, add more details to what she says.
  • Speak in the language that is most comfortable for you.
  • Read together every day. When you talk about the story and pictures, your child hears and learns more words.
  • Reserach shows that children who have larger vocabularies are better readers. Knowing many words helps children recognise written words and inderstand what they read.
(2) Print Motivation
  • Make book-sharing time a special time for closeness between you and your child.
  • Let your child see you reading
  • Visit your public library often
  • Children who enjoy books will want to learn how to read.
(3) Narrative Skills
  • Tell your child stories.
  • Ask your child to tell you about something that happened today.
  • Read books together. Stories help children understand that things happen in order first, next, last.
  • Read a book that you have read before. Switch what you do - you be the listener and let your child tell you the story.
  • Being able to tell or retell a story helps children understand what they read.
(4) Phonological Awareness
  • Say nursery rhymes and make up your own silly, nonsense rhymes.
  • Sing songs. Songs have different notes for each syllable in a word, so children can hear the different sounds in words.
  • Play word games such as " What sounds like 'ran'? or " What starts with the same soun as " ball"?
  • Say rhymes and sing songs in the language that is most comfortable for you.
  • Being able to hear the sounds that make up words helps children soun out words as they begin to read.
(5) Letter Knowledge
  • Help your child see different shapes and the shapes of letters.
  • Talk about what is the same and what is the different between two things
  • Write you child's name, especially first letter.
  • Make letters from clay or use magnetic letters. Point out and name letters when reading alphabet books, signs, or labels.
  • Read alphabet books with clear letters and pictures
  • Knowing the names and sounds of letters help children figure out how to sound out words.

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